Funding for this research was provided by:
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (CEECIND/00445/2017, DL57/2016/CP1440/CT0017, PTDC/AAG-GLO/0463/2014-POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016583)
Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (CGL2013-49460-EXP and CGL2016-79483-P)
La Caixa-Severo Ochoa International (PhD Program 2015)
Received: 16 June 2020
Revised: 26 March 2021
Accepted: 5 April 2021
First Online: 17 April 2021
: Ethical clearance for our research work was not required by the University of Porto (where Inês Carneiro was based when conducting this research, as part of her MSc project), as respondents’ identification was not collected (i.e. no names or addresses written down). Nevertheless, our research adopted international best practices and adhered to the guidelines by the British Sociological Association Statement of Ethical Practice (2017). In particular, when approached for participation, survey respondents were informed that participation was voluntary and anonymous; withdrawal was possible at any time; individual details would not be disclosed or identifiable and information collected would be used for research purposes only.
: Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
: Not applicable
: The authors declare no competing interests.