Funding for this research was provided by:
FoRUM Program of the Ruhr University Bochum (F716R-2011)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-03-30
Received: 5 June 2018
Revised: 4 March 2019
Accepted: 13 March 2019
First Online: 30 March 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: The study was approved by the Ethics Committees of the University of Cologne, Germany (02-004) and of the University of Bochum, Germany (4257-12, 4772-13) and all patients gave written consent.
: Dr. Jungck reports payment for lectures from Novartis as well as travel support from Actelion, Boehringer Ingelheim, Teva, Sanofi, and Roche; Dr. Knobloch reports personal fees from AstraZeneca, personal fees from Teva, personal fees from Novartis, personal fees from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, and personal fees from Boehringer Ingelheim, outside the submitted work; Dr. Kronsbein reports personal fees from AstraZeneca, personal fees from Boehringer Ingelheim, and personal fees from Novartis, outside the submitted work; Dr. Peters reports personal fees from Biotest AG, personal fees from Protectimmun GmbH, grants from Dr. Georg E. und Marianne Kosing-Stiftung, grants from Georgius Agricola Stiftung Ruhr, and grants from Phenox GmbH, outside the submitted work; Dr. Bendella, Mr. Bülthoff, Dr. Bürger, Dr. Giannakis, Mrs. Jamal Jameel, Dr. Koch, Dr. Panek, Dr. Rupp, Mrs. Struck, and Dr. Yanik have nothing to disclose.