Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-03-08
Received: 18 December 2018
Accepted: 19 February 2019
First Online: 8 March 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: Omar Mohamed Nouh, Ahmed Safwat Salem, Youssif Ahmed Khachaba, Tarek Seif Eldin Ashour, and Khaled Makeen ElRefaei declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: Plastic surgery department, Cairo University, ethical committee approval was obtained prior to the study.
: Informed consent was obtained from all patients enrolled in the study. The study included four minors in whom informed consent was acquired from their legal guardians. The consent included details of the preoperative measures, the operative procedure, and the postoperative treatment, including the physiotherapy program and potential complications. Patients or their legal guardians (in four cases) approved enrolment in the study and publication.
: The authors did not receive any funding for the completion of this work.