Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-12-06
Received: 31 August 2018
Accepted: 3 December 2018
First Online: 6 December 2018
Compliance with ethical standards
: Jorge A. Padilla MD, Afshin A. Anoushiravani MD, and James E. Feng MD declare no conflicts of interest. Ran Schwarzkopf MD is a paid consultant for Smith & Nephew and Intellijoint; owns stocks in Intellijoint and Gauss Surgical; is a board members/committee for AAOS and AAHKS. James Slover MD has received research support from Biomet and is a board member/committee of AAHKS. Scott Marwin MD is a paid consultant for Zimmer and Integer Consulting.
: All procedures performed were in accordance with ethical standards. This study analyzed de-identified data and thus was exempted from human-subjects review by our Institutional Review Board (IRB).