Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-04-09
Received: 19 December 2018
Accepted: 1 April 2019
First Online: 9 April 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: Drs. Gokcal and Morrison have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose. Dr. Kudsi receives teaching course and/or consultancy fees from Intuitive, Bard, Medtronic, Gore, Optecks, Medrobotic, outside the submitted work.
: The Institutional Review Board approved this study.
: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
: Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study