Text and Data Mining valid from 2020-01-13
Received: 24 October 2019
Accepted: 23 December 2019
First Online: 13 January 2020
Compliance with ethical standards
: Aldo Fafaj and Luciano Tastaldi have received the AHSQC Resident/Fellow Research Grant Award that is not related to the present work. Ajita Prabhu receives personal fees from Medtronic and Intuitive Surgical Inc. and has an ongoing research grant from Intuitive Inc. Michael Rosen received salary support for his leadership position in the AHSQC, is a board member and has stock/stock options from Ariste Medical and has ongoing research grants from Pacira Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Intuitive Inc. David Krpata has received an educational grant from W.L. Gore not related to the present work. Remaining authors declare no conflicts of interest.
: All procedures related to the current study were compliant with current US law. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
: No experiments were performed on humans or animals in this study. The institutional review board approved the use of retrospective data.
: All patients gave informed consent for procedure and scientific data use as is standard in our hospital system.