Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-02-11
Received: 4 August 2018
Accepted: 28 January 2019
First Online: 11 February 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: Before performing the study, ethical approval was obtained from Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (reference: KPM.600-3/2/3-eras (246)) and Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri Selangor (reference: JPNS.PPN 600-1/49 JLD.79 (30)) via online application. Prior to that, the selected schools were approached to explain the intention of the study and the period involved.
: Participation was with parental consent, voluntary, and without compensation. Along with a confidentiality statement, the background and intention of the study were explained verbally, and the participants were encouraged to perform without any undue pressure.
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.