Funding for this research was provided by:
Institute of Population and Public Health (145367)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-09-29
First Online: 29 September 2018
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose. All persons who made significant contributions to this study and the manuscript are included in the author list. The first draft of the manuscript was written by Pooja Shah, and no other honoraria, grants, or other forms of payment were given to anyone to produce the manuscript.
: This is a research study involving human participants. The study population includes children, adolescents and youth aged up to 30 years old who, as per self-report, spend the majority of their days and nights on the street or with other street youth in a shared shelter. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
: We sought and received institutional ethical approval to collect and disseminate de-identified data from Moi University/MTRH Institutional Research Ethics Committee, and the University of Toronto Research Ethics Board, which included a waiver of written consent and assent.