Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-11-16
Accepted: 4 October 2019
First Online: 16 November 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: All wildcats from Luxembourg had been previously killed by motor vehicles and were collected with the authorisation of the Luxembourg Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructures (Ref.: 70646 GW/sc). As an invasive species, raccoons are not legally protected in Luxembourg or Germany and can be harvested by licensed hunters outside the closed season without special permission. No animal was killed with the aim of providing samples for this study. All hunted individuals were legally shot and made available to the authors.