Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-01-31
First Online: 31 January 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: We would like to first state that we have read and are following the 6th edition Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, including duplicate and piecemeal publication of data, and plagiarism and self-plagiarism. We declare our intention regarding our dataset. Specifically, our study focused on two main areas: fathering and fatherlessness (non-involvement of fathers), including biological and social fathering. Given these broad areas and the many concepts explored, it is necessary to present the findings in at least two parts. In this article, we are focusing on the complexities and multidimensionality of fathering from fathers’ perspectives, including reasons for fathers’ non-involvement with their children. We are proposing to do a second article on the roles of social and biological fathering in family socialization, focusing on the various ways in which social and biological fathers are involved as well as the influence of fathers’ life course and contextual factors on fathering.