Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-03-19
Received: 22 October 2018
Accepted: 7 January 2019
First Online: 19 March 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: Rachael J. Da Cunha, MD, FRCSC, Andrew P. Kraszewski, PhD, and Howard J. Hillstrom, PhD, declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Austin T. Fragomen, MD, reports being a paid consultant to Smith & Nephew, Synthes, Globus, and NuVasive, outside the submitted work. S. Robert Rozbruch, MD, reports being a paid consultant to Smith & Nephew, Stryker, and NuVasive, outside the submitted work.
: All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2013.
: Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in this study.
: Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available with the online version of this article.