Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-12-03
Received: 24 July 2018
Revised: 14 September 2018
Accepted: 16 November 2018
First Online: 3 December 2018
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of Pennsylvania.
: Dr. Navathe reports that he has received grant support from Hawaii Medical Service Association and Oscar Health; personal fees from Navvis and Co., Navigant Inc., Lynx Medical, Indegene Inc., and Sutherland Global Services; personal fees and equity from NavaHealth; serves on the board without compensation for Integrated Services, Inc., speaking fees from the Cleveland Clinic, and honoraria from Elsevier Press. Dr. Linn reports that she has received grant support from Hawaii Medical Service Association. Dr. Jain reports employment by Anthem, Inc.; stock ownership in Anthem, Inc., and honoraria from Elsevier Press. Ms. Kowalski reports employment by Anthem, Inc. and stock ownership in Anthem, Inc. and Amazon. Dr. Powers reports employment by Anthem, Inc. All other authors declare no conflicts of interest.