Funding for this research was provided by:
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (K08 HS025778-01A1, T32HS000053)
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Division of Loan Repayment (n/a)
National Institutes of Health
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Foundation
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-07-23
First Online: 23 July 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: Dr. Dimick is a cofounder of ArborMetrix, Inc., a company that makes software for profiling hospital quality and efficiency, which had no role in the work herein. Dr. Telem receives consulting fees from Medtronic. All other authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: For this type of study, formal consent is not required.
: Does not apply.