Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-04-03
Received: 19 March 2019
Accepted: 23 March 2019
First Online: 3 April 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: Dr. Ernest D. Gomez has received research funding from Biomet and is a co-inventor on a patent for a robotic surgical device (US 9990856B2). Dr. Erica R. Thaler has received research funding from Inspire. Dr. Bert W. O’Malley, Jr., and Dr. Gregory S. Weinstein receive royalties from Olympus. Dr. Jason G. Newman is a medical consultant for Medtronic, Castle Biosciences, and Just Right Surgical. Dr. Christopher H. Rassekh and Dr. Robert M. Brody declare that they have no conflict of interest.