Funding for this research was provided by:
Australia-China International Collaborative Grant (NHMRC-APP1112767-NSFC81561120)
Edith Cowan University (ECU)-Collaborative Enhancement scheme (G1003363)
ECU-International Postgraduate Research Scholarship
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-08-05
Received: 28 May 2019
Accepted: 18 July 2019
First Online: 5 August 2019
Compliance and ethical standards
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: Not applicable.
: Approval for this study was obtained from the Committee on Human Research Publication and Ethics (CHRPE) of the School of Medical Science (SMS) /KNUST and Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) (CHRPE/AP/146/17) and the Human Research Ethics Committee of Edith Cowan University (ECU) (17509). This study was conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the Helsinki Declaration. Written informed consent in the form of a signature and fingerprint was obtained from all participants and legally authorized representatives after the protocol of the study was explained to them in plain English language and native Ghanaian language where appropriate.