Funding for this research was provided by:
Universitas Indonesia (Hibah Q1Q2 (NKB-0190/UN2.R3.1/HKP.05.00/2019))
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-09-18
First Online: 18 September 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: This study was partially funded by the 2019 Hibah Q1Q2-Universitas Indonesia (NKB-0190/UN2.R3.1/HKP.05.00/2019) via Teguh Dartanto (Research Cluster on Poverty, Social Protection and Human Development at Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business Universitas Indonesia). Data collection for this study was supported by the Asian Development Bank–Indonesia Resident Mission.
: Teguh Dartanto, Alin Halimatussadiah, Jahen Fachrul Rezki, Renny Nurhasana, Chairina Hanum Siregar, Hamdan Bintara, Usman, Wahyu Pramono, Nia Kurnia Sholihah, Edith Zheng Wen Yuan, and Rooswanti Soeharno have no conflicts of interest to declare that are directly relevant to the content of this article. Jahen F. Rezki received grants from a Humane Studies Fellowship and the Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education, but these were unrelated to the current article.
: Ethics approval for this study was obtained from the Ethics Committee, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia (ref: 224/H2.F10/PPM.00.02/2015). In addition, a research permission letter was received from the Directorate General of Political and National Unity (Ministry of Home Affairs) at Central Government, and the Agency of Political and National Unity at Provincial and City/Municipal Government, to conduct a field study in the three provinces in Indonesia.