Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-01-01
First Online: 16 January 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: No sources of funding were used to conduct this study or prepare this manuscript.
: This study was conducted on de-identified clinical notes as part of a shared challenge, so no ethical approval or patient consent was required.
: Bharath Dandala, Venkata Joopudi, and Murthy Devarakonda have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this article. Dr. Devarakonda is now on the faculty in Biomedical Informatics at Arizona State University, USA.