Funding for this research was provided by:
European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM)
Received: 14 December 2018
Accepted: 9 February 2019
First Online: 21 February 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: Dr. Goligher reports receiving personal fees and research support in the form of equipment from Getinge. Dr. Brodie receives research support from ALung Technologies; he was previously on their medical advisory board. He is currently on the medical advisory boards for Baxter and BREETHE. Dr. Ferguson reports receiving personal fees from Getinge, Baxter, and Sedana Medical. Dr. Slutsky reports receiving personal fees from Getinge, Baxter, and Novalung/Xenios.
: The study was approved by institutional review boards at each of the 23 study sites.
: Informed consent was obtained from patients or legally authorized surrogates.
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