Funding for this research was provided by:
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Received: 12 July 2019
Accepted: 29 August 2019
First Online: 1 October 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: Dr Van Regenmortel and Dr Malbrain report speaker’s fees from Baxter Healthcare Corporation. Dr Van Regenmortel was member of an advisory board on fluid therapy organized by Baxter (2017). Dr Malbrain is member of the medical advisory board of Getinge. Dr Van Regenmortel and Dr Malbrain are the chairmen and co-founders of the International Fluid Academy (IFA), a non-profit organization promoting education on fluid management and hemodynamic monitoring that received unrestricted educational grants from the industry (ExternalRef removed). The IFA is integrated within the not-for-profit charitable organization iMERiT, International Medical Education and Research Initiative, under Belgian law. The other authors have nothing to disclose.