Funding for this research was provided by:
National Science Foundation, United Arab Emirates (93071)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-03-21
Received: 4 June 2018
Revised: 13 January 2019
Accepted: 13 March 2019
First Online: 21 March 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: We declare that there are no conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial) with regard to this research or this paper.
: All Marion Island Marine Mammal work has ethics clearance from the Animal Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, under AUCC 040,827-022, AUCC 040,827-023, AUCC 040,827-024 and EC030602-016, and is carried out under permit granted by the Director-General: Department of Environmental Affairs, South Africa. The Marion Island Marine Mammal Programme field protocol workplan (De Bruyn et al. CitationRef removed) as approved by the Director General of the Department of Environmental Affairs and the guidelines for fieldwork with marine mammals as published by the Society for Marine Mammalogy (Gales et al. CitationRef removed) were followed.