Funding for this research was provided by:
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (YG2016MS56)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81801650, 81571630)
Shanghai Municipal Health Commission (201940060)
Renji Hospital (RJZZ18-002)
Received: 19 March 2020
Revised: 17 April 2020
Accepted: 27 May 2020
First Online: 11 June 2020
Compliance with ethical standards
: The scientific guarantor of this publication is Huilin Zhao, MD, PhD.
: The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies, whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article.
: No complex statistical methods were necessary for this paper.
: Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects (patients) in this study.
: Institutional Review Board approval was obtained.
: • retrospective• cross-sectional study• performed at one institution