Funding for this research was provided by:
Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research
Received: 20 November 2020
Revised: 11 January 2021
Accepted: 13 January 2021
First Online: 10 March 2021
Compliance with ethical standards
: Drs. B. O’Nuallain, M. Jin, L. Wang, P. Taylor are (or were) employees of BioLegend Inc. (Dedham, MA., USA). The Ottawa Hospital receives payments from BioLegend Inc. related to licensing agreements for immunological reagents related to parkin and α-synuclein. Dr. M. Schlossmacher received travel reimbursements from the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research for participation in industry summits and consulting fees as well as royalties from Genzyme-Sanofi for patents unrelated to this work. Dr. G. Toth is an employee and a shareholder of Cantabio Pharmaceuticals. Dr. A. Holmgren (deceased) served as chairman and senior scientist at IMCO Corporation Ltd AB, Stockholm, Sweden. No additional, potentially competing financial interests are declared.