Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (R25-GM059298, T34-GM008574)
Bay Area Lyme Foundation (1745411)
National Science Foundation (1750037)
Pacific Southwest Regional Center of Excellence for Vector-Borne Diseases funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1U01CK000516)
Received: 1 June 2019
Accepted: 4 January 2021
First Online: 12 February 2021
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: All procedures performed in this study involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the California Department of Fish and Wildlife and the San Francisco State Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC AU15-06).