Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (DK007754-13)
Received: 14 February 2019
Accepted: 13 September 2019
First Online: 16 December 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: Grace C. Lee was supported by the NIH T32 Research Training in Alimentary Tract Surgery grant DK007754-13. Liliana G. Bordeianou is a consultant for Ethicon and legal consultant for CRICO, receives royalty fees from Up-to-Date, and receives research support from 11 Health, all outside the submitted work. Todd D. Francone is a consultant for Intuitive, outside the submitted work. Lawrence S. Blaszkowsky, Robert N. Goldstone, Rocco Ricciardi, and Hiroko Kunitake have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose. Motaz Qadan is a consultant for Olympus, outside the submitted work.