Funding for this research was provided by:
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (RGPIN-2016-05580)
Received: 10 April 2020
Accepted: 5 August 2020
First Online: 19 August 2020
Compliance with ethical standards
: Dr. Teodor Grantcharov holds Intellectual Property Ownership of Surgical Safety Technologies, Inc. and is supported by Research Grants from Medtronic Canada, Ethicon Canada, Baxter Canada, Olympus Canada, Takeda Canada, and Intuitive Surgical. Suzan Ayas, Dr. Lauren Gordon, and Dr. Birsen Donmez have no conflicts of interest to disclose.