Funding for this research was provided by:
MINISTRY OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION MALAYSIA (5450546)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-08-29
Received: 1 February 2019
Accepted: 25 July 2019
First Online: 29 August 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: All applicable international, national, and institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. The experimental design was approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee (ACUC) of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (AUP No. 12R159). All animals were handled humanely, and sources of additional stresses were highly minimized during treatment and sampling. The pens were carefully cleansed and disinfected severally prior to the introduction of the animals.