Funding for this research was provided by:
German Ministry of Education and Research and the State of Brandenburg (DZD grant 82DZD00302)
Received: 18 September 2019
Accepted: 31 October 2019
First Online: 19 November 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
: The secondary analysis of ARIC and CHS data was approved by the Ethics committee of the University of Potsdam, Germany.
: All participants provided written informed consent.