Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (U01-AI-103408, U01-AI-034993, U01-AI-034989, U01-AI-103401, U01-AI-042590, U01-HD-032632, U01-AI-034994, U01-AI-103390, U01-AI-103397, U01-AI-035004, U01-AI-031834)
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
National Cancer Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institute of Mental Health
First Online: 30 May 2017
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: Dr. Merenstein has been an expert witness on probiotic cases for General Mills, Nestle, Procter and Gamble and Bayer Health. All the other authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
: Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.