Funding for this research was provided by:
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (633666)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-02-23
Received: 22 November 2017
Accepted: 8 February 2018
First Online: 23 February 2018
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: Written informed consent was obtained from the parents for childhood measurements and ethical approval for the adult data collection was obtained from the National Research Ethics Advisory Panel. Ethical approval for the age 45 years survey was given by the South East Multicentre Research Ethics Committee.
: NCDS data are open access datasets available to non-profit research organisations.