Funding for this research was provided by:
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/M029018/1)
Received: 8 August 2020
Revised: 28 September 2020
Accepted: 6 October 2020
First Online: 16 October 2020
Compliance with ethical standards
: OR, DS, RG, and PU were employed by Ludger Ltd.The remaining authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
: Human patient serum samples (IBD-BIOM) were provided Jack Satsangi (University of Oxford) and Alex Adams (University of Oxford). Ethical approval for the collection of IBD-BIOM patient samples was granted by the Tayside Committee on Medical Ethics B (UK, LREC 06/S1101/16, LREC 2000/4/192). The study has been funded by the following EU FP7 grant: European Commission IBD-BIOM (contract # 305479).