Funding for this research was provided by:
Economic and Social Research Council (ES/J500215/1)
Received: 18 July 2019
Accepted: 10 December 2019
First Online: 7 January 2020
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare that they is no conflict of interest.
: Ethical approval was granted by the ethics committee at the Department of Education, University of York UK. All ethical requirements were fulfilled.
: Informed consent from all participants was obtained for this study. Informed consent obtained from all parents or Legally Authorised Representatives of student participants for the student data (self-reports of teachers’ interpersonal behaviour).