Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-04-09
Received: 30 October 2018
Accepted: 22 March 2019
First Online: 9 April 2019
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: The ethics governing the use and conduct of experiments on animals were strictly observed, and the experimental protocol was approved by the University of Nigeria, Nsukka Senate committee on Medical Research ethics. Proper permit and consent were obtained from the Ikpa Commodity market abattoir management before the urine samples of the Cattle slaughtered in this abattoir were used for this experiment.