Funding for this research was provided by:
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (UL1TR000457)
Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital for Special Surgery (Research and Education Fund)
Received: 3 November 2016
Accepted: 6 January 2017
First Online: 16 March 2017
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: Kathryn DelPizzo, MD; Jennifer Cheng, PhD; Naomi Dong, MD; Chris R. Edmonds, MD; Richard L. Kahn, MD; Kara G. Fields, MS; Jodie Curren, BSN, RN; Valeria Rotundo; and Victor M. Zayas, MD have declared that they have no conflict of interest.
: All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 (5).
: Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.
: Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available with the online version of this article.
: This work was supported by the Department of Anesthesiology at Hospital for Special Surgery, and REDCap was funded by the National Center for Advancing Translational Science of the National Institutes of Health (UL1TR000457; REDCap use).