Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-02-05
Received: 16 August 2018
Accepted: 30 November 2018
First Online: 5 February 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: Christina I. Esposito, PhD, and Kaitlin M. Carroll, BS, declare that they have no conflicts of interest. David J. Mayman, MD, reports stock or stock options from Imagen Technologies and OrthAlign; personal fees for consultancy, lectures, and grants from Smith & Nephew; and board membership with the Knee Society. Douglas E. Padgett, MD, reports board membership with American Joint Replacement Registry, Journal of Arthroplasty, and Hip Society; personal fees and royalties from DJ Orthopaedics and PixarBio; and stock or stock options from PixarBio. Joseph D. Lipman, MS, reports royalties from Exactech, Inc., LimaCorporate, Mathys Ltd., and Ortho Development Corporation. Seth A. Jerabek, MD, reports personal fees, speakers’ fees, royalties, and grants from Stryker and stock and stock options from Imagen Technologies. Theodore T. Miller, MD, reports educational fees from Amirsys Publishing Co.
: All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2013.
: Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in this study.
: Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available with the online version of this article.