Funding for this research was provided by:
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (R03 HS25245-01)
Abbott Northwestern Hospital Fund (#15-8012)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-05-14
Received: 16 April 2019
Accepted: 24 April 2019
First Online: 14 May 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: This study was approved by the IRBs of the University of Minnesota and Allina Health (which used Quorum IRB).
: Ms. Carruthers and Dr. Goering were both employed by Allina Health when this research took place. The study authors affirm that they had access to all data from this study, both what is reported and unreported, and that had complete freedom in conducting and reporting the analysis without any influence from study sponsors. There was no editorial direction or censorship from study sponsors. Drs. Golberstein, Joseph, and Druss report no conflicts.