First Online: 21 June 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: Dr. Williams has served as an expert witness and as a court consultant in legal cases related to prison conditions of confinement. These relationships have included the National American Civil Liberties Union; Squire Patton Boggs; the Center for Constitutional Rights; and others. Dr. Williams was an informal consultant on a different aspect of the case described in this study and did not testify about it in court. No organization played a role in the decision to write this manuscript or in the analysis described in this manuscript. No other authors have conflicts of interest to report.
: Sponsors played no role in the design and conduct of this study or in preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Free to read: This content has been made available to all.