First Online: 16 July 2019
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: All authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form at ExternalRef removed and declare: In the past 36 months, Dr. Wallach has received research support through the Meta Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS) from the Laura and John Arnold Foundation; Dr. Gonsalves has received research support from the National Institutes of Mental Health (R01MH105203) and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA015612); and Dr. Ross has received research support through Yale University from Johnson and Johnson to develop methods of clinical trial data sharing, from Medtronic, Inc. and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to develop methods for postmarket surveillance of medical devices (U01FD004585), from the Food and Drug Administration to establish Yale-Mayo Clinic Center for Excellence in Regulatory Science and Innovation (CERSI) program (U01FD005938), from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association to better understand medical technology evaluation, from the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to develop and maintain performance measures that are used for public reporting (HHSM-500-2013-13018I), from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (R01HS022882), from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) (R01HS025164), and from the Laura and John Arnold Foundation to establish the Good Pharma Scorecard at Bioethics International. In addition, Dr. Ross serves as an ad hoc member of the Medicare Evidence Development & Coverage Advisory Committee (MEDCAC). Mr. Egilman and Dr. Dhruva have no additional potential competing interests to disclose.
: The Laura and John Arnold Foundation played no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication. The authors assume full responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the ideas presented, which do not represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs or any other supporting institutions.
Free to read: This content has been made available to all.