Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-10-31
Received: 15 August 2018
Accepted: 26 October 2018
First Online: 31 October 2018
Compliance with ethical standards
: Authors Parviz Kavoussi, Charlie Harlan, Keikhosrow Kavoussi, and Shahryar Kavoussi have conflicts of interest to disclose.
: As this was a retrospective chart review of clinical care, and not a prospectively enrolled study, no human subjects were enrolled. All patients had signed consents with informed counseling prior to surgery as part of routine clinical practice.