Funding for this research was provided by:
Academy of Finland (253840)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-01-18
Received: 7 August 2017
Accepted: 7 January 2018
First Online: 18 January 2018
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: All animal experiments were in accordance with the directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes (Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council). Experiments were approved by the National Animal Experiment Board of Finland (ESLH-2009-05234/Ym-23 and ESAVI/198/04.10.07/2014).
: M.S., R.K.T., and M.H.V. are inventors in CDNF- and MANF-related patent applications which are owned by Herantis Pharma Plc. M.S. is a founder of Herantis Pharma Plc and a member of its Scientific Advisory Board.