Funding for this research was provided by:
Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital (TCRD-TPE-108-2)
Taiwan Liver Disease Consortium, Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (109-2321-B-002 -034)
Received: 29 September 2020
Accepted: 18 January 2021
First Online: 4 February 2021
Compliance with ethical standards
: Yu-Ming Cheng, Jia-Horng Kao and Chia-Chi Wang authors declare no conflict and interest.
: The study was performed in accordance with the principles of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the Ethical Committee of Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation with waived informed consent.
: Informed consent was obtained for all forms of personally identifiable data including biomedical, clinical, and biometric data.
: Written informed consent for publication was obtained from all participants.