First Online: 1 August 2020
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: This study was carried out as part of our routine work.
: Andrea Calcagno has received honoraria from Gilead, Insmed, Janssen-Cilag, MSD and Viiv and he is currently receiving research grants from Gilead and Viiv. Giovanni Di Perri and Stefano Bonora have received honoraria from Abbvie, BMS, Gilead, Janssen-Cilag, MSD and Viiv. José Moltó, Borghetti Alberto, Gervasoni Cristina, Maurizio Milesi, Marta Valle, Valeria Avataneo, Chiara Alcantarini, Francesc Pla-Junca, Trunfio Mattia, Antonio D’Avolio, Simona Di Giambenedetto and Dario Cattaneo have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this article.