Funding for this research was provided by:
Ontario Neurodegenerative Disease Research Initiative (ONDRI); Ontario Brain Institute
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (MOP-326559)
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Accepted: 2 September 2020
First Online: 26 September 2020
: This research was funded in part by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) through operating grants (Exploring frailty and its role in the assessment of high risk medications and risk of poor health outcomes in vulnerable populations—MOP-326559). This research was conducted with support from the Ontario Neurodegenerative Disease Research Initiative (ONDRI) through the Ontario Brain Institute, an independent non-profit corporation, funded partially by the Ontario government. This study was supported by ICES, which is funded by an annual grant from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC). The opinions, results and conclusions reported are those of the authors and are independent from the funding sources. No endorsement by ICES or the Ontario MOHLTC is intended or should be inferred. Parts of this material are based on data and information compiled and provided by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). However, the analyses, conclusions, opinions and statements expressed herein are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of CIHI.
: The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.
: The use of data in this project was authorized under section 45 of Ontario’s Personal Health Information Protection Act, which does not require review by a Research Ethics Board.
: Not applicable.
: Not applicable.
: The dataset from this study is held securely in coded form at ICES. While data-sharing agreements prohibit ICES from making the dataset publicly available, access may be granted to those who meet pre-specified criteria for confidential access, available at ExternalRef removed.
: The full dataset creation plan and underlying analytic code are available from the authors upon request, understanding that the computer programs may rely upon coding templates or macros that are unique to ICES and are therefore either inaccessible or may require modification.
: LM, DH, MC, CM, and SB conceived and designed the investigation. LM and CD performed the statistical analysis. LM, DH, and SB wrote the paper. All authors interpreted the data and contributed important intellectual content during manuscript drafting.