Funding for this research was provided by:
National Collegiate Athletic Association/DoD (W81XWH-14-2-0151)
First Online: 30 January 2020
Compliance with Ethical Standards
: This publication was made possible, in part, with support from the Grand Alliance CARE Consortium, funded by the NCAA and the DoD. The USAMRAA, Ford Detrick, MD, USA, is the awarding and administering acquisition office. This work was supported by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs through the Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury Program under Award no. W81XWH-14-2-0151. Opinions, interpretations, conclusions and recommendations are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the DoD (DHP funds).
: Grant L. Iverson serves as a scientific advisor for BioDirection, Inc., Sway Operations, LLC, and Highmark, Inc. He has a consulting practice in forensic neuropsychology, including expert testimony. He has received research funding from several test publishing companies, including ImPACT Applications, Inc., CNS Vital Signs, and Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR, Inc.). He has received research funding as a principal investigator from the National Football League, and salary support as a collaborator from the Harvard Integrated Program to Protect and Improve the Health of National Football League Players Association Members. He acknowledges unrestricted philanthropic support from ImPACT Applications, Inc., the Heinz Family Foundation, the Boston Bolts, the Mooney-Reed Charitable Foundation, and the Spaulding Research Institute. Jaclyn B. Caccese, Barry Bodt, Thomas W. Kaminski, Kelsey Bryk, Jessie Oldhamn, Steven P. Broglio, Thomas W. McAllister, Michael McCrea, and Thomas A. Buckley declare that they have no additional conflicts of interest to disclose.
: The study was performed in accordance with the standards of ethics outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki.
: All study procedures were reviewed and approved by the University of Michigan IRB, the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command Human Research Protection Office (HRPO), as well the local IRB at each of the performance sites. Participants provided written informed consent prior to participation.