Funding for this research was provided by:
Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research
Received: 28 September 2020
Accepted: 24 December 2020
First Online: 24 January 2021
Compliance of ethical standards
: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
: The authors comply with ethical standard.
: The standard model code of the ‘COSMOS’ (Community Earth System Models) version COSMOS-landveg r2413 is available upon request from the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Meteorology in Hamburg (ExternalRef removed).