Received: 14 December 2021
Revised: 22 April 2022
Accepted: 25 April 2022
First Online: 11 May 2022
: Our online survey using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire did not obtain any personal identifying information about the participants and fell outside the scope of the Japanese government’s Ethical Guidelines for Medical and Health Research Involving Human Subjects, thus exempting the requirement for an ethics review. All participants gave their consent to participate in the survey. After being informed about the purposes of the study and their right to quit the survey, participants agreed to answer the questions. They were provided with the option “I don’t want to respond” for sensitive questions. Completion of the entire questionnaire was considered to indicate participant consent.
: Haruka Nakada received a research grant from the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development. Other authors have no relevant financial or non-financial interests to disclose.
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