Funding for this research was provided by:
Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation
Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America
Received: 29 May 2020
Accepted: 29 November 2020
First Online: 22 January 2021
Compliance with ethical standards
: Outside of the study, Dr. Milbrandt reports consulting activities with Orthopediatrics, Medtronic, Zimmer and stock ownership in Viking Scientific. Dr. Larson reports consulting activities with Orthopediatrics, Medtronic, Zimmer, and Globus. Drs. Mathew, Potter, and Buyuk have no conflicts to report.
: IRB approval was obtained for all aspects of this study.