Funding for this research was provided by:
Medtronic-Bakken Endowed Chair for Engineering in Medicine
Received: 3 January 2020
Revised: 24 March 2020
Accepted: 10 April 2020
First Online: 27 July 2020
Conflict of interest
: J.B. has equity and royalty interests in, and serves on the Board of Directors for, Vigilant Diagnostics, a company involved in the commercialization of thermal contract bioassays. The University of Minnesota also has equity and royalty interests in Vigilant Diagnostics. These interests have been reviewed and managed by the University of Minnesota in accordance with its Conflict of Interest policies.