Funding for this research was provided by:
Eppley Foundation for Research
Laurie Landeau Foundation LLC
Received: 19 November 2019
Revised: 18 March 2020
Accepted: 20 March 2020
First Online: 14 April 2020
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: Stickleback collection followed guidelines for scientific fish collection by the State of Alaska Department of Fish and Game in accordance with Fish sampling permit #P17-025 and #P-18-008 and fish transport permits 17A-0024. Fish were maintained at Stony Brook University under the license to collect or possess #1949 provided by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and experiments were conducted following protocols described in Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee #237429 and #815164. All experiments were performed in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations in the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.