Received: 21 June 2022
Revised: 26 October 2022
Accepted: 27 October 2022
First Online: 19 November 2022
: All authors are current members of UK Biobank scientific team and/or executive management team. The authors declare no other competing interests.
: UK Biobank received ethical approval from the National Information Governance Board for Health and Social Care and the National Health Service North West Centre for Research Ethics Committee (Ref: 21/NW/0157). All participants provided informed consent at recruitment to the study for their data to be used for health-related research that was in the public interest.
: No participant data were used in the review.