Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.31101140)
Qinghai University (2016-HZ-808)
Northwest institute of plateau, Chinese Academy of sciences (KFJ-STS-ZDTP-024CAS)
the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA08030106)
Program of Science and Technology Innovation Platform of Qinghai Province (2017-ZJ-Y14)
Received: 23 April 2018
Accepted: 26 November 2018
First Online: 14 January 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Our research did not involve any human or animal subjects, material, or data. All the plant materials used in this study were provided by Triticeae Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, China. They are freely available for research purposes following institutional, national and international guidelines. The experiments were conducted under local legislation and permissions.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.